Ghandi Phoenix Settlement

In 1904 Mahatma Gandhi established a settlement at Phoenix devoted to his principles of Satyagraha [passive resistance]. The newspaper Indian Opinion, which he founded in 1903, was published at Phoenix Settlement. The settlement comprised 100 acres of land with several main buildings clustered together on a small hill known as the Apex area. The property, which cost £1000, apparently had once been a sugar farm and had many fruit trees growing on it.


In 1985, during the so called 'Inanda Riots', the Settlement was badly damaged and about 8 000 people informally settled in the area in what has come to be known as Bhambayi. A number of the buildings including Gandhi's house have since been restored and the settlement now forms part of Inanda Heritage Trail.